- Concrete saw
- Guide string
- Hammer (0.9-1.4 kg/2-3 lb.)
- Knee pads
- Plate compactor
- Wood leveling board (51 x 102 mm, 2.4-3.0 m/2 x 4 in., 8-10 ft. long)
- Leveling guides (two, 25.4 mm/1 in. diameter pipes or wood, 3.0 m/10 ft. long)
- Spray paint
- Tape measure
- Safety glasses
Layout design on paper. Estimate required amount of Keystone Product, edge restraint (Snap Edge recommended), coarse granular base and coarse bedding sand needed.
- Transfer design onto the ground at the site using spray paint.
- Mark the top of the desired finished surface, using stakes and guide string (A) (for minimal slope drainage, 25.4 mm/1 in. of vertical elevation for every 2.4 m/8 ft. of horizontal surface is recommended).
- Excavate ground below the surface guide string line (B) to desired depth.
- Spread granular base (C), dampen and compact with a plate compactor, 76 mm/3 in. below surface guide string (do not walk on screed sand base)
- Install edge restraint (D) on starting edge.
- Spread 25.4 mm/1 in. layer of bedding sand (E), using the leveling boards and leveling guides.
- Lay pavers (F), keep level to surface guide string and use additional guide string to keep pavers square.
- Use concrete saw to cut pavers as needed to fit your design.
- Install edge restraint on remaining edges.
- Use plate compactor over entire surface.
- Sweep coarse sand or polymeric sand into all spaces between pavers, repeat step after 2 days.
Caution: Before any digging, always consult your local utility companies for the location and depth of pipes, cables and conduits. Dry sawing or grinding of concrete products may result in the release of respirable crystalline quartz. Prolonged exposure to respirable crystalline quartz may cause delayed (chronic) lung injury (silicosis). The use of a NIOSH-approved respirator and tight fitting goggles is recommended when sawing or grinding operations are in progress.
Keystone Products can be installed by the do-it-yourselfer, however a certain degree of landscaping skill is required. These are examples of a basic paver and retaining wall installations to provide you with an idea of the process involved.